Database And Business IntelegenceDatabase And Business Intelegence

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To make strategic decisions about which products to feature in our store, we must carefully analyze sales and click data. This type of data analysis is a form of business intelligence.

If there is one thing in abundance in the world today it is data. At the heart of every information system is a database that captures transactional data. For example, who bought what, when he bought it, for how much he bought it, etc. It is useful to know the architecture of transaction systems so that it is not a complete mystery how the data is captured.

Database And Business Intelegence

However, it is essential to know how to distill and analyze the captured data to make management decisions. For example, after summarizing thousands of records, we may find that a product sells particularly well among women of a particular age range living in a particular region. That meaningful information can be actionable in the context of supply chain and marketing initiatives.

Summary Chapter 6 Foundations Of Business Intelligence: Databases And Information Management

Anyway, in today’s world there can be too much data. Converting that data into meaningful information is a key skill. There are many tools available to perform data analysis. These include spreadsheet programs like Excel and database systems like Access. Learning how to use these tools will improve your marketing ability.

Many information systems projects are conceived in a life cycle that progresses in stages from analysis to implementation. The following diagram shows the steps we discuss in the present chapter:

To illustrate the power of summary data, we will first show how it can be used as a marketing medium for a website. Impressive statistics can help encourage repeat business. The same marketing principles apply for non-profit organizations.

Kiva is a website that allows you to make small loans (usually less than $500) to entrepreneurs in developing countries. The field of small loans is called microfinance and it provides very small loans (usually less than $500) to entrepreneurs in developing countries. Most loans are repaid within six months to a year. , Microfinance institutions are an incredibly important resource in helping Third World citizens escape poverty. Surprisingly, the repayment rates of the world’s poor range between 95 to 98%, much higher than the loan repayment rates in the United States. Over 80% of Kiva’s loans are made to women entrepreneurs. They invest their profits in companies and improve the lives of their families.

Big Data & Analytics — Quintagroup

Kiva works by pooling resources so that, for example, 50 people can lend $10 each for a total of $500. As part of its marketing effort, Kiva maintains a brief account of its activities to date. For example, they report that they have nearly half a million lenders who have made loans totaling $161 million over the past three years. These quick facts are collected from website databases after scanning millions of records and represent business intelligence. The information not only serves a marketing purpose, but is also an internal scorecard to track Kiva’s mission progress and influence decisions.

The Kiva Facts & History page is a business intelligence report. Note the phrase “Latest Statistics” below, which announces that statistics are updated nightly (between 1 and 3 am). This is the specialty of Business Intelligence System. Searching millions of records puts so much pressure on the system that these activities are typically performed during off-peak hours.

The Kiva example is a form of business intelligence: providing accurate and useful information to the right decision makers within the required time frame to help make effective decisions. , Business Intelligence (BI) aims to provide accurate and useful information to appropriate decision makers within the required time frame to assist in effective decision making.

By this definition, all the work we did with Excel would qualify as business intelligence, because our deliverables included accurate and useful information to help make effective decisions. However, business intelligence is usually understood to involve the distillation and analysis of large data sets, such as those found in corporate databases. Extracting and analyzing information stored in a database is the subject of this chapter. It’s very likely that at several points in your working career you will be asked to perform this type of analysis.

Mis781 Business Intelligence And Database Assignment

Business Intelligence is part of the overall architecture of information systems. Most existing systems can be classified as enterprise systems, collaboration systems, or business intelligence systems. Business systems (for example order taking) send their data to the data warehouse, which in turn is queried to support business intelligence.

For example, let’s say our goal is to develop an apparel business that produces high-quality products while reducing costs. We have also determined that we will measure product quality based on the percentage of products rejected by inspectors at each station. (Think of those Inspector 99 tags you find in the pockets of your new clothes. The same inspectors accept the clothes you’re wearing.) A relatively high rejection rate is a red flag to management that requires further analysis. Needed. Is this an overzealous inspector? Is there a pattern to rejected products? Does one station in the factory produce more rejects than another?

Suppose our analysis determines that the high rejection rates come from a single factory in Southeast Asia. We informed the management about the problem. They send a team to investigate the plant. The review highlighted child labour, abusive conditions and very low morale at the plant. The dire situations are soon reversed and the rejection rates return to average.

Business intelligence part of information systems architecture. Keep in mind that business intelligence systems typically operate from a data warehouse, which is a data repository for the corporation. Every enterprise system contains one or more databases. The contents of those databases are regularly copied to the data warehouse to enable BI analysis. The copying process is called extract, transform, and load (ETL).

What Is Business Intelligence? Bi Definition, Meaning & Example

Static reports are the form of BI reporting we are most familiar with: summary reports delivered at regular intervals. They are by far the most common form of business intelligence. Most companies already have summary reports produced and printed to aid in management decision making. For example, universities use enrollment reports to evaluate which departments may need to hire more faculty. Credit card companies will request reports from people with high credit scores to target credit card promotions. Similarly, companies can target college students with good earning potential in the future. Marketers can look at sales data from different stores and regions to determine where there are opportunities to run sales promotions.

Dynamic reports They look like standard reports but with one big difference. They are interactive and allow the user to go deeper to discover the source of the summarized numbers. They are similar to static reports but online and interactive. A manager is curious to know where a certain summary number is located on his dashboard. Overview of high-level management data, sometimes represented by dials and needles similar to a car dashboard. In a car, you may not need to know your exact RPM, but you do need to know if you’re at redline. Similarly, top management may not need to know the exact sales figures, but they do need to know whether sales are outside the normal range. The process of discovering numbers that contribute to forming a summary number can be deepened. Digging deeper is like being surprised by your ATM balance and then calling to get a list of withdrawals and payments made from your account. To present the details that contributed to that number. In short, it is a journey of investigation where the information discovered at each step gives clues about where to find information next. For example, if sales are down in North America, drill down to find the problem in the Midwest region. Then I dug deeper to find a problem at the Cleveland, Ohio plant.

Data mining is the process of using computing power to find patterns in data because you don’t really know what to look for. Uses computer programs and statistical analysis to look for unexpected patterns, correlations, trends, and groupings in data. In short, it is about examining the data to see if there are patterns of interest. An often cited example of data mining was the discovery that beer and diapers are often purchased on the same trip to the supermarket. Upon further investigation, marketers learned that dads buy beer when they go to the grocery store to buy diapers. Marketers can use this information to place two items together in stores.

It describes the business intelligence process for dynamic reporting. The top half of the diagram shows how data comes into the data warehouse through the extract, transform, and load process. Dynamic reporting starts with an executive dashboard that provides a high-level view of the business. Dashed red arrows represent drilling down to find the cause of a pattern in the data. In this example, the decline in sales in North America is earlier

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